Tuesday, 3 February 2015

Bihar SSC - Polity Of Bihar

State Executive

The number of Lok Sabha seats in Bihar?

The number of Rajya Sabha seats in Bihar?

By Which article Governor reserves the Bill for the consideration of the President?
According to article 200; When a Bill has been passed by the Legislative Assembly of a State or, in the case of a State having a Legislative Council, has been passed by both Houses of the Legislature of the State, it shall be presented to the Governor and the Governor shall declare either that he assents to the Bill or that he withholds assent there from or that he reserves the Bill for the consideration of the President.

Qualification for Governor of Bihar or any state of India?
1. He should be a citizen of India.
2. He should be at least 35 years old.
3. He should not be a member of the either house of the parliament or house of the state           legislature.
4. He should not hold any other office of profit.

Who was the first woman to become governor?
Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to become governor of Uttar Pradesh.

Who appoints Chief Minister?
The Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister, and the Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor.

Who appoints Advocate-General of the State?
The Governor of each State shall appoint a person who is qualified to be appointed a Judge of a High Court to be Advocate-General for the State.

Who is the first woman Chief Minster of Bihar?
Rabri Devi

Who is the first Chief Minster of Bihar?
Shri Krishna Singh

Who is the first Deputy Chief Minster of Bihar?
Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha

Who is the first Governor of Bihar in independent India?
Jairamdas Daulatram

Who is the first Governor of Bihar?
Sir James Sifton

When was the first President's rule imposed on Bihar?
On 29 June 1968, first President's rule was imposed on Bihar which was repealed on 26th February, 1969. 

Which article has provision for President's rule?
Article 356 of the Indian Constitution deals with President's rule. It is imposed when the re is failure of the constitutional machinery of an Indian state. In the event that government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution, the state comes under the direct control of the central government, with executive authority exercised through the Governor instead of a Council of Ministers headed by an elected Chief Minister accountable to the state legislature. Article 356 is invoked if there has been failure of the constitutional machinery in any state of India. During President's rule, the Governor has the authority to appoint retired civil servants or other administrators, to assist him.

Who audits receipts and expenditure of state governments?
Comptroller and Auditor General of India audits all the receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments including  those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government.The CAG is also the external auditor of Government-owned corporations and conducts supplementary audit of government companies, i.e., any non-banking/ non-insurance company in which the state and Union governments have an equity share of at least 51 per cent or subsidiary companies of existing government companies. The reports of the CAG are taken into consideration by the Public Accounts Committees, which are special committees in the Parliament of India and the state legislatures.

State Judiciary

Patna High Court was established on?
3 February, 1916

The salary of the judges of High Court is charged through?
The salaries and allowances of Judges of any High Court is charged through Consolidated Fund of each State. The salary of Chief Justice of High Court is Rs. 90,000.

The age of retirement for judges of the High Court?
65 years.

Total number of High Courts in India?

Who is the Chief Justice of Patna High Court?
L. Narasimha Reddy.

A High Court judge address his letter of resignation to?
The President of India.

The Court at the district level in Bihar is?
There is a District Court in every district of Bihar.

Local Self Government

Eligibility for Gram Panchayat?
Members of grampanchayat are elected by villagers for a period of five years. An adult with an age of 21 years and above is eligible for contesting the election and for voting in the same. One of the members is elected as Sarpanch and another Deputy Sarpanch.

When Bihar Panchayati Raj Act enacted in Bihar?
Bihar Panchayati Raj Act, 2006 was enacted in 2006 in Bihar. According to the act: 
1. The Gram Panchayat area have population nearly 7,000. 
2. There should be reservation of 50% for the woman in every level of the Panchayati Raj.
3. There should be reservation of 50% for the Scheduled Castes in every level of                       the Panchayati Raj.
4. There shall be a Gram Katchahry in every Gram Panchayat area for the purposes of             discharging the judicial functions imposed upon it.

What is Panchayat Samiti?
Panchayat samiti is a local government body at the tehsil (taluka) level in India. It works for the villages of the tehsil that together are called a Development Block. The Panchayat Samiti is the link between the Gram Panchayat (village council) and the zila parishad (district board).
There should be a Panchayat Samiti in every Block.

Composition of Panchayat Samiti
A Panchayat Samiti shall consists of -
(a) directly elected members from the Panchayat Samiti’s territorial constituencies, as determined under the Act;
(b) members of Lok Sabha and members of the Legislative Assembly of the State, representing constituencies which fall either wholly or partly in the Panchayat Samiti area;
(c) members of Rajya Sabha and members of the State Legislative Council, who are registered as electors within the Panchayat Samiti area;
(d) All the Mukhiyas of the Gram Panchayats falling within the Panchayat Samiti area.

The elected members of the Panchayat Samiti elect two members from among themselves to be the Pramukh and UpPramukh of the Panchayat Samiti.

The tenure of Panchayat Samiti is of 5 years.

Every member of the Panchayat Samiti shall have the right to vote in its meeting, but in case of election and removal of Pramukh and UpPramukh, only members elected under clause (a) have the right to vote. 

What is Zila Parishad?
The District Council or Zila Parishad or Zilla Parishad, District Panchayat, or Zila Panchayat is the third tier of the Panchayati Raj system. Zila Parishad is an elected body. Chairpersons or Block Pramukh of Block Samitis are also represented in Zila Parishad. The members of the State Legislature and the members of the Parliament of India are members of the Zila Parishad.
Composition of Zila Parishad
 The Zila Parishad shall consist of-
(a) the members directly elected from territorial constituencies in the
district as determined under the Act;
(b) the Pramukhs of all Panchayat Samitis in the District;
(c) such members of the Lok Sabha and the members of the State Legislative Assembly who represent any part which falls wholly or partly within the district and whose constituency falls within the district;
(d) the members of the Rajya Sabha and the members of the State Legislative Council who are registered as electors within the district.

Under the supervision, control and direction of the State Election Commission, the elected members of the Zila Parishad elect two members from amongst them to be Adhayaksha and Up-Adhayaksha.

Every member of the Zila Parishad shall have the right to vote in its meeting, but in case of election and removal of Adhaksha and UpAdhyaksha, only the members elected under clause(a) shall have the right to vote. 

The tenure of Zila Parishad is of 5 years.

Panchayat election that held recently in?
Panchayat election held recently in 2011 and this election was conducted through the Bihar Panchayati Raj Act, 2006.

What is Municipal Corporation(Nagar Nigam)?
Municipal Corporations in India or Mahanagar Palika or Mahanagar Nigam are urban local government that works for the development of a Metropolitan City, which has a population of more than one million.
Each Municipal Corporation has a committee consisting of a Mayor with Councillors. Councillors elect Mayor and deputy Mayor amongst themselves. The tenure of Mayor and deputy Mayor is 1 year.The no. of councillors depend upon the area and population of the city that minimum of 3,00,000. Municipal Corporation members are elected from the several wards of the specific city on the basis of adult franchise for a term of five years. There are seats reserved for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, backward classes and women. The Councillors are chosen by direct election from electoral wards in the Municipal Corporation.

What is Municipal Council(Nagar Parishad)?
A municipal council is the local government of a municipality.The no. of councillors depend upon the area and population of the city. Councillors elect two people, Municipal Chairperson and Municipal Vice-Chairperson amongst themeselves.

Municipal Corporation(Nagar Nigam) established generally in the area having population strength of?
More than 3 lakhs.

Total number of Municipal Corporations in Bihar?
Bihar has 11 Municipal corporations. They are:
1. Patna
2. Gaya
3. Bhagalpur
4. Muzaffarpur
5. Biharshariff
6. Arrah
7. Darbhanga
8. Begusarai
9. Munger
10. Purnia
11. Katihar

Number of wards in Patna Municipal Corporation

Recently election of urban local governments(Municipal Corporation, Municipal Council and Nagar Panchayat) were held in?

The only district where urban local governments election were not held is?

The number of Municipal Council in Bihar?

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