Wednesday, 25 November 2015

UPSC CAPF Interview

BSF to enter its 50th year in 1 December, 2014
Border Security Force (BSF) will enter its 50th year of distinguished service to the nation and commence its ‘Golden Jubilee Celebrations’ on December 1, 2014. A unique force with both ‘peace time’ and ‘war time’ roles, the BSF has over the last five decades grown to be one of the most complex and well managed border forces in the world, with multiple accolades and achievements to its name.
Kicking off the BSF’s Golden Jubilee Celebrations, Director General, D K Pathak, said, “I would like to congratulate and acknowledge all BSF personnel, both past and present, for their contribution in making the force what it is today. Over the years the BSF, has grown in to a sizeable organization that is always moving ahead and constantly reinventing itself to be better prepared.
The BSF over the last year has had to face some of its toughest challenges with the heaviest cross border firing. In Odisha & Chhattisgarh there are presently 15 battalions deployed to curb the growing threat of Left Wing Extremism. In the East, the Coordinated Border Management Plan signed between India & Bangladesh, is helping to resolve minor differences and improve relationships.
“Effective border management entails the optimum use of manpower, resources, equipment and armament. Key to this is the all important aspect of befriending the border population and therefore there is a lot of emphasis on implementation of local civic action programmes, including organizing health and cultural related events”, added BSF, Director General, D K Pathak.
With the government having approved a five year Modernization Plan – II (2012 – 2017), providing a financial outlay of INR 4,570 crore, the force is committed to complete modernization of its capabilities. Specific emphasis is being made to provide the most technologically advanced gear that goes a long way in protecting the life of a Jawan and driving operational efficiencies. Investment into training of personnel is also paramount with basic fundamental & in-service professional training across the many BSF institutions and special training schools.
In order to protect the border where fencing is yet to come up or the terrain is challenging, the BSF is considering Motion Sensor Alarms and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for reconnaissance and early warning. The air units will see the introduction of 8 Mi-17 V5 helicopters to assistborder management including anti-naxal operations. While the water wing will see the induction of 3 new floating Border Out Posts (BOPs) and 4 fast attack crafts that will assist in maritime capabilities in the Creek and Sunderban areas.
The BSF over the years has always displayed the highest standards of professionalism, valour and loyalty to the Nation while defending borders, countering internal unrest, assisting in natural disasters as well as any other duty assigned to it by the Govt. of India.

Border guarding forces

Cyber strategy
http://defencesecurityindia.com/cyber-strategy/ (China's advanced cyber warfare capabilities; GhostNet; Operation Shady RAT(Remote Access Tool); 
China’s Tianhe-2 is the world’s fastest super computer with a theoretical speed of 54.9 petaflops. Such High Performance Computers have provided China with the capabilities for design, development, manufacturing, simulation, performance monitoring and testing of weapons and weapons platforms; cryptography and crypt analysis, weather forecast; production and testing of cyber weapons, networks and electromagnetic spectrum management and so on.;
National Cyber Security Policy in July 2013 - Unfortunately, not only its implementation has been rather tardy, it does not cover cyber warfare capability building. While it has made significant investments in creating organisations and their supporting structures such as national & regional Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs), National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO), Defence Intelligence and Research Agency (DIARA), Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO), National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) and so on, the nation has yet to appreciate the gravity, threat, importance and urgent necessity of ensuring cyber security both in terms of National Security and Human security. There is a general lack of awareness and concern amongst the national leadership and the people of threats in the cyber domain and the absolute necessity of securing our networks,)